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Chapman is an English word for one who bought and sold, a dealer of any kind, gradually superseded by teh French 'marchand' which has given us Marchant and Merchant. As this new word was used by the wealthier people and those with continental connections, so 'chapman' went down in the world, narrowing in meaning until it came to signify nothing more than a Peddler or Packman and finally dropped out.....

Heraldry Database: Maclaine


Surname:  MacLaine
Branch:  MacLaine
Origins:  Scottish
More Info:  Scotland

Background:  The Maclaines of Lochbuie, Mull are descended from Gillean-na-Tauighe, (Gillean of the Battle Axe), a fierce warrior who lived in the thirteenth century. He is said to have fought, along with his sons, at the battle of Largs in 1263. Gillean's great-grandson, Iain Dubh, or Black John, had two sons, Eachann Reaganach (Hector the Stern), and Lachainn Lubanach (Lachlan the Wily). Hector and Lachlan were granted independent charters to lands on the Isle of Mull from John, 1st Lord of the Isles (MacDonald); Hector at Lochbuie, and Lachlan at Duart. Thus the two dominant branches of the family were formed: the Maclaines of Lochbuie and the Macleans of Duart (the Maclaine family used the Maclean spelling until around 1750). Many of the clansmen at Lochbuie retained other spellings of Maclaine or Maclean, such as Maclayne, McClain, and McLain. Various smaller families intermarried or banded together with the Maclaines, including the McFadyens, McFauls, MacCormacks, Blacks, Beatons, MacGillivrays, Huies, MacAvoys and Pattons (all with over 200 different spellings). They were all accepted into the clan as loyal members.

John Mor Maclaine, the seventh chief, was renowned as an excellent swordsman. When an Italian master-at-arms challenged Scottish nobles to meet him in duel John Mor accepted the challenge, and fought and killed him in the presence, and to the delight, of the king and the court. His son, Hector, eighth of Lochbuie, initiated the spelling of the surname ‘Maclaine’, which by the middle of the 18th century became the accepted spelling by subsequent chiefs.

The Maclaines of Lochbuie are recognised by the Lord Lyon as a "Branch Clan" within Clan Gillean (aka Clan Maclean). Even though the Maclaines consider themselves an independent clan from the other Macleans, Scottish history has shown this to be untenable.

Motto:  Vincere vel mori, To conquer or die.
Arms:  Quarterly, 1st, Argent, a lion rampant Gules; 2nd, Or, a lymphad sails furled, oars in saltire Sable, flagged Gules; 3rd, Or, a dexter hand fessways couped Gules, holding a cross fitchee Azure; 4th, a tower embattled Argent masoned Sable.
Crest:  A branch of laurel and a branch of cypress in saltire surmounted of a battle axe in pale all Proper.
Supporters:  Two wolves Proper.

View the Heraldry Dictionary for help.

The Maclaines of Lochbuie formed an important part of the clan structure of the Hebrides. They are descended from Gillean of the Battleaxe, a fierce warrior who lived in the mid thirteenth century and held lands in Mull and Morvern. Gillean and his three sons fought valiantly at the Battle of Largs, and they were well received by Alexander II. He was succeeded by Gille-Iosa, whose son, Malcolm, fought at the head of his clan at Bannockburn, Iain Dubh, Malcolm's son, was the father of Eachainn Reaganach, Hector the Stern, founder of the MacLeans of Lochbuie, and Lachlan Lubanach, Lachlan the wily, who founded the Macleans of Duart. There are the two main independent branches of the family, each with their various cadets, and the spellings of the names of both remained identical until the late sixteenth century.

Hector was granted lands in Mull by the Lords of the Isles around 1350 and he sat on the Council of the Isles, as did subsequent Lochbuie chiefs until the forfeiture of the lordship in 1493. Hector chose a site for his castle on Mull at the head of Loch Buie on the lands formerly held by the Macfadzeans. Moy Castle, a typical Scottish tower house, was built in the late fourteenth century and was the chief's residence until 1752, when Lochbuie House was built. Lochbuie held land on Mull, Scarba, Jura, Morvern, Locheil, and the bailliary of the south part of Tiree and of Morvern. Lands were also granted in Duror and Glencoe but they were never taken in possession. In 1542 the lands held by the sixth Lochbuie chief were united in the barony of Moy.

One of the most famous legends associated with the clan is that of the headless horseman. Prior to 1538 the fifth chief, Iain Og, had a son, Ewan, who lived on a crannog, or artificial island, in Loch Sghubhain just north of Lochbuie. Ewan's wife, who earned the nickname, 'the black swan', pressed Ewan contineously to ask his father for more land. Ewan at last consented, but when he confonted his father a heated argument ensued which resulted in their setting a time and place for battle. Ewan left himself open to the swing of a claymore, which completely severed his head from his body. His horse kept galloping with the headless body held in place by the stirrups. The horse eventually stopped and Ewan's body was buried on that spot which is still marked by a cairn. His body was later taken to Iona, where his gravestone can still be seen. It is said that whenever a member of the family is about to die, hoofbeats of Ewan's horse will be heard and his headless ghost may be seen in his green cloak galloping through the night on his black charger.

John Mor, seveneth chief, was renowed as an excellent swordsman. When an Italian master-at-arms challended Scottish Nobles to meet in dual John Mor accepted the challenge, and fought and killed him in the presence, and to the delight, of the king and the court. His son, Hector, eight of Lochbuie, initiated the spelling of the surname 'Maclaine', which became the accepted spelling by subsequent chiefs. Murdoch Mor, tenth chief, fought alongside the Marquess of Montrose in 1645 and thereby forfeited his lands, which were not restored until 1661. The twelfth chief, Hector, was the victor in the first battle of the Jacobite campaign of James VII when, in 1689, at Knockbreck in Badenoch, he overcame five troops of horse sent by Mackay's army to intercept him. He also participated in the Battle of Killiecrankie later that year in which the Highlander almost annihilated Mackay's forces.

John, seventeenth chief, was host to Dr. Samual Johnson and James Boswell on the last stop of their famous tour of the Hebrides in 1773. Boswell said John, 'Lochbuie proved to be a bluff, comely, noisy old gentleman, proud of his hereditary consequence and a very hearty and hospitable landlord. John had a plaque placed above the door of Lochbuie House to commemorate the visit.

One of the more colourful Lochbuie chiefs was Murdoch, twenty-third of Lochbuie, born in 1814. It is reported that, after his late arrival to a formal dinner in Oban, the Duke of Argyll sent a butler to ask him to come and sit at the head of the table. Murdoch retorted, 'Where Lochbuie sits is the head of the table.' Murdoch, along with the Duke of Argyll, founded the Argyllshire Gathering and Ball in 1871. He had a distinguished military career, and while serving as military correspondent of The Times during the Franco-Prussian War in 1871, was awarded the Iron Cross by the Kaiser, Murdoch's son and heir, Kenneth Maclaine, the twenty-fourth chief, made a mark for himself by going on the stage as a singer to try to forestall the closure of the Lochbuie estates. Unfortunately, the onset of the First World War made it impossible for him to avoid the inevitable, and the entire estates of some thirty thousand acres were lost. Kenneth served with distinction through-out the war, being awarded the Military Cross twice and the Croix de Guerre with Palm.

Name Variations:  Cormac, Cormack, Cormag, Cormick, Gilvray, Lochbuie, MacArmick, MacCarmick, MacCarmike, MacChormaig, MacClaine, MacClan, MacClane, MacClayne, MacComok, MacCormack, MacCormaic, MacCormaig, MacCormick, MacCormock, MacCormok, MacCornick, MacCornock, MacCornok, MacFadden, MacFaden, MacFadin, MacFadion, MacFadwyn, MacFadyean, MacFadyen, MacFadyon, MacFadzan, MacFadzean, MacFadzein, MacFadzeon, MacFattin, MacFayden, MacFedden, MacFeyden, MacFydeane, MacGillane, MacGillavary, MacGillayne, MacGillevary, MacGillevoray, MacGillevorie, MacGillevray, MacGillewra, MacGillewray, MacGillivary, MacGillivoor, MacGillivraid, MacGillivray, MacGillivrie, MacGillivry, MacGillowray, MacGillvary, MacGillveray, MacGillvery, MacGillvra, MacGillvray, MacGillyane, MacGilvary, MacGilvery, MacGilvory, MacGilvra, MacGilvray, MacGilwrey, MacGormick, MacGormock, MacGuilvery, MacIlaine, MacIlbraie, MacIliwray, MacIllaine, MacIllayn, MacIlleain, MacIllvra, MacIloray, MacIlra, MacIluray, MacIlveerie, MacIlvery, MacIlvora, MacIlvory, MacIlvra, MacIlvrach, MacIlvrae, MacIlvray, MacIlwra, MacIlwray, MacKelrae, MacKermick, MacKernock, MacKlain, MacKlan, MacKlane, MacKornock, MacKornok, MacLain, MacLaine, MacLane, MacLayne, MacOlaine, MacOrmack, MacPadane, MacPaden, MacPhadan, MacPhadden, MacPhaddion, MacPhadein, MacPhaden, MacPhadzen, MacPhaidein, MacPhaiden, MacPhaidin, MacPhyden, MacYlory, Makarmik, Makclane, Makclayne, Makcormok, Makfadzane, Makgillane, Makillewray, Makkilrow, Maklane, Maklayne, Vcgillevorie.

One or more of the following publications has been referenced for this article.
The General Armory; Sir Bernard Burke - 1842.
A Handbook of Mottoes; C.N. Elvin - 1860.
Scottish Clans and Tartans; Neil Grant - 2000.
Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia; George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire - 1994.
Scottish Clans and Tartans; Ian Grimble - 1973.
World Tartans; Iain Zaczek - 2001.
Clans and Families of Scotland; Alexander Fulton - 1991.
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Maclaine_of_Lochbuie

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