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Kincaid


Coat of Arms


The Kincaids are said to descend from the ancient Earls of Lennox, the Galbraiths of Buthernock, the Grahames and the Comyn Lords of Badenoch. Their name appears to be territorial in origin, but its derivation is uncertain. One explanation is that it comes from the Gaelic, ‘ceann cadha’, the ‘steep place’ or ‘pass’. A second translation may be ‘of the head of the rock’, and a third possibility is, .....


Heraldry Database: Gould

Gould







Surname:  Gould
Branch:  Gould
Origins:  British
More Info:  England

Background:  The name Gould is of Anglo-Saxon and refers to the side of contrast we have - White, Bright, Gold and Fair in all of which the association of blond colouring and beauty are closely linked. Its meaning in the surname period was nearer to 'beautiful' than blond, and it is found more often in compounds like Fairfax (fair hair), or Fairbairn (pretty child), than alone. Bright and Gold (or Gould) both refer generally to the shining golden hair that was much admired.


Motto:  A Nilo victoria, Victory from the Nile.
Arms:  Per saltier, az. and or, a lion, rampant, counterchanged.
Crest:  An arm, vested vert, holding in the hand ppr. a banner or, charged with three bars, wavy, az. on a canton ar. a rose gu.


View the Heraldry Dictionary for help.






This long-established surname, with variant spellings Gould, Goult and Gold, is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and has two possible sources. Firstly, it may be from a personal name or nickname, derived from the Olde English pre 7th Century "Golda" (masculine), or "Golde" (feminine), meaning "gold", originally given to one with bright golden hair, or perhaps in some cases to a "precious" person. Hugo fillius (son of) Golda was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 for Suffolk, and Ralph filius Golde was listed in the 1193 Pipe Rolls of Bedfordshire. The second distinct possibility is that Go(u)ld/Goult is from a metonymic occupational name for a worker in gold, a refiner, jeweller or gilder, derived from the Olde English "golda, golde" (as above). Job-descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. The surname was first recorded in the mid 12th Century (see below), and may derive from either source. Recordings from London Church Registers include: the christening of Ann Gould on December 11th 1580, at St. Andrew's, Holborn, and the christening of Margaret Goult on May 14th 1663, at St. Giles' Cripplegate. The Coat of Arms most associated with the name is a shield divided per saltire gold and blue with a lion rampant counterchanged, the Crest being a blue demi lion rampant bezantee. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter Golde, which was dated 1165, in the "Pipe Rolls of Devonshire", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Name Variations:  Gould, Gold, Goold, Goulde, Gouldy, Gouled, Ghould, Gouild, Gouldh, Goulda, Gouldd, Goulad, Gilder.

References:
One or more of the following publications has been referenced for this article.
The General Armory; Sir Bernard Burke - 1842.
A Handbook of Mottoes; C.N. Elvin - 1860.
English Surnames; C.M. Matthews - 1966.
A Dictionary of English Surnames; P.H. Reaney - 1958.
Surname DB: https://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Gould






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