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Freeman


Coat of Arms


The Anglo-Saxon society was divided into various classes, of which "The Freeman" could be described as "Middle Class" in 20th Century terms, although direct comparisons are not possible. Certainly to be a "Free born person" denoted considerable and jealously guarded status. Since most people were effectively slaves. The surname derivation is from the pre 7th Century "freo" meaning "free born" and .....


Heraldry Database: O��beirne

O��Beirne







Surname:  O��Beirne
Branch:  O'Beirne
Origins:  Irish
More Info:  Ireland

Background:  The Irish surname O'Beirne was originally written in a Gaelic form as O Birn or O Beirn, from the Norse forename Bjorn. The name is of Old Norse origin and means "bear".


Motto:  Fuimus, We have been.
Arms:  Ar. an oak tree eradicated and fructed ppr. in base a lizard vert, in the dexter base point a saltire couped gu. on a chief az. the sun in his splendour or, and a crescent of the first.
Crest:  A dexter arm in armour embowed, the hand grasping a sword all ppr.


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Though the pronunciation of this name is very similar to O'Byrne there is no connexion between the two septs (however, in County Kildare O'Beirne is found as a synonym of O'Byrne). O'Beirne belongs almost exclusively to Connacht. One branch, allied to the MacDermots, and the other leading Roscommon families, in the thirteenth century displaced the O'Monahans as chiefs of a territory called Tir Briuin between Elphin and Jamestown on the County Roscommon side of the Shannon, and they appear as such in the "Composition Book of Connacht" (1585); and in 1850 there was still an O'Beirne of Dangan-I-Beirn in that territory. The other branch possessed territory in the adjoining county of Mayo, north of Ballinrobe. At the present time O'Beirnes are chiefly found in Counties Roscomon and Leirim.

While no O'Beirne has left a lasting mark on the history of Ireland several distinguished themselves in the service of France in the eighteenth century. The sept has produced one or two interesting characters who may be mentioned here. Thomas Lewis O'Beirne (1748-1823), though reared a Catholic (his brother was a Parish Priest in County Meath) became a Protestant Bishop of Meath in 1789; and Henry O'Beirne (b. 1851), an Irish emigrant, was well known in America on account of his writings about the Texas Indians, amoung whom he settled permanently.

Name Variations:  O'Beirne, Bierne, O'Bierne, Biern, O'Biern, Beirne, Beirn, O'Beirn, O'Birn, Birne.

References:
One or more of the following publications has been referenced for this article.
The General Armory; Sir Bernard Burke - 1842.
A Handbook of Mottoes; C.N. Elvin - 1860.
Irish Families, Their Names, Arms & Origins; Edward MacLysaght - 1957.
The Surnames of Ireland; Edward MacLynsaght - 1957.
The Book of Irish Families Great and Small.






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