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Coat of Arms

The name Mercer is a very ancient one in Scotland, in England and in Ireland, where there was a William Mercer, bishop of Connor in 1353-75. It is believed that the term mercer, anciently used in England and still more in Scotland, has its origins in the Low Countries. It is further believed that it is older even than the term merchant, which is of Norman-English origin, the language of the domi.....

Heraldry Database: Cox


Surname:  Cox
Branch:  Cox
Origins:  British
More Info:  England

Background:  Form of COCK (little), -a term of endearment (i.e. WILLCOX, little Will), often used to denote a leader or chief man. 2) Possibly originated from the Welsh word "coch," meaning "red." 3) Could also be a locality descriptive surname for "heap, haycock, or hillcock.

Motto:  Fide et fortitudine, With faith and fortitude.
Arms:  Ar. three bars gu. on a canton az. a lions head erased or.
Crest:  An antelopes head erased sa. crined or, pierced through the neck with a broken spear ppr.

View the Heraldry Dictionary for help.

The first example is the name of a Jew and is probably a diminutive of Isaac in its Hebrew form (Jacobs). Cock, a common personal name still in use about 1500, may partly be from Old English Cocc or Cocca, found in place-names, although not on independent record. But as cock became a common term for a boy, it may also have been used affectionately as a personal name. Old English cocc 'cock', a nickname for one who strutted like a cock. This became a common term for a pert boy and was used of scullions, apprentices, servants, etc., and came to be attached to Christian names as a pet diminutive (Simcock, Wilcock, etc.). Forms without the article may belong here; cok is ambiguous and may be for Cook. The surname may also mean 'watchman, leader' and, according to Welsh writers, may also be from Welsh, Cornish cock 'red'. 'Dweller by the Hill', Old English cocc 'haycock, heap, hillcock'. In London it probably derived from thesign of a house or inn. Sometimes we may have middle English cock 'small ship's boat', name for a boatman, barge.

Name Variations:  Cox, Cocke, Cock, Heap, Haycock, Hillcock, Simcock, Wilcock.

One or more of the following publications has been referenced for this article.
The General Armory; Sir Bernard Burke - 1842.
A Handbook of Mottoes; C.N. Elvin - 1860.
English Surnames; C.M. Matthews - 1966.
A Dictionary of English Surnames; P.H. Reaney - 1958.


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